Wednesday, March 14, 2012

More reasons you should be concerned

millions of us are being tracked as political targets. This data is used to figure out where you have been, where you might be going, and those most evil are tracking you in real time. If your number is up, is this why?

Everywhere I’ve Been: Data Portraits Powered by 3.5 years of data and 2.5 million GPS Points



Visualization of 2.5 million GPS points for 3.5 years

About the These Maps

These are images of map generated entirely from GPS logs gathered by various versions of the Geoloqi sample application for iPhone and Android for the past 3.5 years. Once gathered, the data was run through a custom script that projects the GPS logs onto a 2D image plane. There is a little bit of logic to smooth out the lines and remove some (but not all) GPS noise.

Aaron Parecki's GPS Map of Everywhere he's been in Portland since 2008

How Many Data Points?

Approximately one GPS point was recorded every 2-6 seconds when I was moving, and these images represent about 2.5 million total GPS points. Collectively, they represent a data portrait of my life: everywhere I’ve been and the places I’ve been most frequently. The map is colored by year, so you can see how my footprint changes over the years, depending on where I live.

Aaron Parecki's GPS Logs since 2008.This is a map of everywhere I’ve been in Portland from 2008 to March 2012.

The long diagonal lines are airplane flights in and out of PDX. Some of the flights loop over the city when they take off.

Aaron Parecki's GPS Logs from Palo Alto - 2009-2012

Aaron Parecki's GPS Logs from the Bay Area - 2008-2012

Aaron Parecki's GPS map from San Francisco - 2009-2012

Methods

To get data at this resolution, I had to bring back-up batteries with me and charge my phone whenever I could. I would manually turn the tracker on when I moved, and turn it off when I was at an indoor location for a long period of time. To get this level of accuracy results in a great deal of battery drain.

One of the reasons why I started Geoloqi is to be able to make tracking this kind of data easier for myself, and to improve battery life (along the way we took some of my manual methods for battery management and bundled it up into a set of mobile SDKs for iPhone and Android for adding location to applications without the intensive battery drain).

Below is an image of the script while it is running to produce the GPS maps. You can see a video of it processing a couple million GPS points here.

Command Line Prompt for Entering GPS Data

Use in Media

Some of the earlier images of the GPS maps started appearing in Wired online starting last year.

Wired - Threat Level Blog - GPS Tracking

History

My fascination with GPS and data logging began at a relatively early age (around 10-12 years old, from 4th-6th grade). I recently found my stack of notepads from 3/29/1995 through 6/9/1997 where I logged my commute to school. I have mostly complete logs for the entire date range, including start time, end time, time traveled, who drove, and in what car. In addition, I used to take a highlighter

Analog Commute Logs - 1995-1997

Why do This?

I’ve always found it interesting to take raw data and make it visible. Before GPS chips were available in smartphones, it was very difficult to get high resolution data like this. Ubiquitous provides a way to see over time what was formerly invisible data. It allows one to see over time. In each of these cases, I’ve been able to process the raw data to answer personal questions like “what time is best to leave the house in the morning for work?”. Best of all, it is private data that I own and can do with what I like.

More Images

If you’d like to see all of the images I’ve recorded over the past 3.5 years, there’s a GPS Logs set on Flickr here.

About

This article was written by Aaron Parecki, Co-Founder of Geoloqi, a powerful platform for real-time location. You can follow him on Twitter @aaronpk.

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